Comparison are odious, or, as Shakespeare has Dogberry put it in Much Ado about Nothing, “Comparisons are odorous.” That being said, we cannot always ignore comparisons entirely. If for no other reason, comparisons give us a chance to measure ourselves against some chosen or random benchmark that may shed some light on where we are in relation to that benchmark. Yes, it is true that all such comparisons have their limitations. What a particular comparison may say about a group may well say nothing about a given individual. Moreover, one never knows the mindset of those taking part: are they engaged, are they really trying, or are they pulling the researcher’s leg?
Still, comparisons, ‘odorous’ or otherwise, are not without some value.
One such comparison getting a lot of press these days is the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies, or PIAAC. PIAAC began in 2012 with round one of 21 countries and 5,000 participants between the ages of 16 and 65. The study focused on technology skills, literacy, numeracy, and the ability to solve problems in a “technology-rich environment” at home, in the community or at work. Respondents are voluntary and some incentives are given to respondents. PIAAC is the first global study of important workplace skills. U.S. millennials in the study would have been between the ages of 16 and 34 at the time of the survey.
Again, one must look at the context and not make too many broad generalizations. (For those interested, here’s the FAQ on reliability.) But in looking at U.S. millennials, the results of this study indicate that more work is needed. Of the 21 countries that participated in round one, U.S. millennials finished behind 15 other countries. Too many times, the U.S. was in a dead-heat for last with Spain and Italy. Whatever else one can say about the OECD study, we can say this: it’s not very good news.
It’s not good news because it means that millennials in that study weren’t very well prepared for the workplace. It means that in solving problems in the context of our now well-wired world, millennials are not matching in ability their counterparts in most of the other countries in the study. They are lacking behind or far behind, depending on what part of the survey we examine.
Furthermore, it means that we educators have to do a better job of providing those in our educational care the kind of background they need to be successful. By successful, I do not mean that you go on to become a college professor the way most of in colleges and universities have. By successful, I mean that they are able to take their place in this wired world and do well in whatever endeavor they choose to pursue.
But it also means something for today’s students. Your takeaway from this survey is not a very complicated one: your education requires as much from you as it does from those of us granted honorary permission to assist you. You have as much responsibility to let us know what you’re not getting as we do in telling you what it appears you may be missing. If you say nothing, it’s like going to your physician about an ongoing pain but not mentioning it and then blaming her when it blossoms into a full-blown illness or worse.
It is after all your education. That is a possessive pronoun, meaning that you must possess it, just like you do your iPhone, your car, your playlist or your video games.
Your education isn’t a one-way street. If you make it that by waiting for everyone else to do it for you, it can turn out to be an expensive dead end.